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Stewardship / Resistance Analysis for November 09, 2021

British report shows veterinary antibiotics halved since 2014

New data released today by the UK’s Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) shows that the use of antibiotics in British cattle continues to decline.

The 2020 UK Veterinary Antibiotic Resistance and Sales Surveillance Report (UK-VARSS) shows that sales of antibiotics for use in food-producing animals fell 1% from 2019 and are down 52% since 2014. In addition, sales of top priority major antibiotics (HP-CIA) have declined by 79% since 2014.

HP-CIAs, which are considered the most vital antibiotics in human medicine, now account for just 0.5% of antibiotics sold for livestock in the UK. The report also shows that the amount of antibiotics prescribed for pigs, chickens, turkeys and game birds decreased in 2020.

Data collected on zoonotic and commensal bacteria from healthy slaughter animals indicated that antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli broilers has declined since 2014, while resistance to HP-CIA in broilers and turkeys remains very low. Since 2016, there has also been a decline in E coli in broilers and turkeys carrying resistance genes. The report suggests that reductions in the sales and use of veterinary antibiotics could be responsible for the decline in resistance.

“This year’s VARSS report shows how the UK continues to dramatically reduce the use of antibiotics in livestock,” Christine Middlemiss, UK chief veterinarian, said in a press release from VMD. “It is encouraging to see farmers and veterinarians continue to work together to combat antibiotic resistance through responsible use of antibiotics, which in turn protects human health and reduces the burden of disease in animals. “
November 9 United Kingdom-VARSS report
November 9, VMD
Press release

UK livestock sector progressing towards 2024 antibiotics targets

In another UK report released today, the Alliance for the Responsible Use of Medicines in Agriculture (RUMA) reported that the UK’s livestock sector is moving towards its next set of targets to reduce the use of antibiotics, despite some setbacks during the pandemic.

The synthesis report, which covers 10 sectors of aquaculture, pigs, poultry and ruminants, indicates that many sectors are making progress towards meeting their 2024 targets on data collection, use of antibiotics, the adoption of preventive measures such as vaccines and training, and the development of industry initiatives. Some sectors, including the poultry, pork and salmon industries, are ahead of schedule or have already met their targets.

But some sectors, such as the beef and dairy industry, have not had enough time to collect accurate data on antibiotic use. And the pandemic has delayed the launch of key initiatives in other sectors.

“The events of the past year have undoubtedly affected the industry in many ways, but producers, veterinarians and the industry at large have continued to manage with the utmost professionalism and commitment to the responsible use of antibiotics during this difficult time, ”said Cat McLaughlin, President of RUMA. in a press release.

RUMA’s 2017 targets for antibiotic use in livestock in the UK are widely recognized for helping to achieve antibiotic sales and reductions in use documented in the UK-VARSS 2020 report. targets for 2021 to 2024, set last year by a RUMA working group, include a 30% reduction in antibiotic use in pigs, 15% reductions in dairy herds and 25% reductions in calf rearing units, and a 40% reduction in game birds. .
November 9 RUMA report
November 9 RUMA
Press release

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